The Large Hadron Collider will begin its third run to reveal more cosmic secrets
Ten years ago, scientists discovered the Higgs boson and used the Large Hadron Collider to help understand our universe. They did it again in 2018, discovering new knowledge about protons. Now, with new questions, they plan to restart the particle accelerator this month to better understand cosmic unknowns as dark matter.
“It answered some of our questions and gave us more,” Dr. Sarah Demers, a professor of physics at Yale University, told NPR. The Higgs boson was first observed when scientists at the European Center for Nuclear Research (CERN) turned and smashed particles almost at the speed of light. They did it with the help of the largest and most powerful particle accelerator in the world – the Large Hadron Collider. Physicists have suspected the existence of the particle since 1964, but it took nearly 50 years to find evidence.
Scientists believe that the Higgs field formed a tenth of a second after the big bang, and without it stars, planets and life would not have appeared. Sponsor message
Evidence for the existence of the Higgs boson was an important milestone in fundamental physics, and Drs. Francois Englert and Dr. Peter Hicks received the Nobel Prize in Physics. Despite scientific achievements, the work of understanding the principles of the universe is still far from complete. A second experimental run of the collider was completed in 2018, giving new insights into the structure of protons and how the Higgs boson decays.
After more than three years of maintenance and upgrades, the collider will resume on Tuesday – this time tripling the data, keeping the intense beams longer and launching more surveys overall. “There has to be more, because we can’t explain a lot of things around us,” said Demers, who is working on a third implementation at CERN. “Something really big, really big is missing. We’re talking about 96 percent of the world.”
Demers refers to dark matter, the invisible substance believed to be observed in the universe, and to dark energy that drives the rapid expansion of the universe. He believes that the realization of the future will create information about the flight, but the excellent size of our space.
“Finding the answer to this and other exciting questions increase our understanding of the world in the smallest dimensions, but it helps open some of the world’s worlds,” Cherren wrote in news.
It is expected that the third period will last over the next four years, and scientists have already started their work on Run 4, which will begin in 2030.