UK unveils plans to eliminate parts of the Brexit deal  EU

The UK government has published plans to scrap parts of the post-Brexit deal struck with the EU in 2019.

She wants to change the Northern Ireland protocol to facilitate the flow of goods from the UK to Northern Ireland. But the EU opposes the move, saying returning to the agreement violates international law.

The government has said there is “no other way” to protect vital UK interests. It is claimed that the term “necessity” is used in international law to justify situations where “the only way for a state to safeguard an essential interest” is not to apply – or violate – another international obligation.

It adds that the measures taken must not “seriously affect” the essential interests of other States.

The changes are set out in the Northern Ireland Protocol Bill, which must be debated and voted on by Parliament.

The government promises to eliminate ‘unnecessary’ red tape for goods checks and that businesses in Northern Ireland will receive the same tax relief as elsewhere in the UK. The bill will also ensure that any commercial disputes are resolved by “independent arbitration” and not by the European Court of Justice, he adds.

Foreign Minister Liz Truss said this is “a practical and reasonable solution to Northern Ireland’s problems” and that the UK “can only make progress through the negotiations if the EU is willing to change the protocol itself. “, and added: they are not”.

“It is very clear that we are acting in accordance with the law,” she said. The government said it would prefer a “negotiated solution” with the EU that prevents the bill from becoming law.

Three parties in Northern Ireland – Sinn Féin, Alliance and SDLP – say the protocol is needed to mitigate the effects of Brexit in Northern Ireland. No trade unionist supports the protocol as it is.

The Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), which won the second most seats in the recent Northern Ireland Assembly elections, says it is creating a gap that could lead to the dissolution of the UK.

It refuses to appoint a new executive to the government of Northern Ireland with Sinn Féin, which has won the most seats in the elections, until changes are made. Michelle O’Neill, leader of Sinn Féin’s Stormont, accused the Prime Minister of creating more instability and uncertainty in Northern Ireland.

“Boris Johnson’s action is illegal, it clearly violates international law, regardless of the details,” she said. “He signed an agreement himself, he signed on the dotted line and is now legislating to violate that international agreement.”

He added that the protocol worked and accused the DUP of blocking the formation of an executive in Northern Ireland.

DUP leader Sir Jeffrey Donaldson said: “I don’t think what the government is proposing is illegal. I think that’s a solution, and that’s what we need – solutions.”

He added: “We have strong support from all unions for our position.

“I believe our pressure is growing and we will continue to work with the government to push this legislation forward.”

The government also cited Article 16 in its legal justification for this new bill – a clause in the NI protocol that allows each party to take protective action if use of the protocol results in serious economic, social or environmental conditions that endanger the Commerce restriction.

The government has argued that keeping the peace in Northern Ireland, protecting the Good Friday Agreement and maintaining economic and social ties between Northern Ireland and Britain are ‘vital interests’ from the United Kingdom. But he says the protocol is currently a “barrier” to forming a new head of government in Northern Ireland.

He says that while the government prefers a negotiated outcome with the EU, the “pressure” that the protocol exerts on Northern Ireland has meanwhile reached the point where the government “has no other way to protect the vital interests they must protect. “if not this new invoice.

EU leaders are not in the mood for a full blown trade war with the UK.

They have their hands full with the cost of living and the war in Ukraine. So the EU didn’t want to overreact to today’s UK government legislation – it’s not yet law, after all – but it didn’t want to underreact either.

The attempt to unilaterally suspend large parts of the protocol agreed and signed by Boris Johnson is considered a very big problem in Brussels. As a warning, the EU will seek to reopen legal proceedings against the UK for alleged breaches of the protocol – such as failure to carry out certain checks.

At the same time, the EU’s chief negotiator urged the UK to return to the negotiating table. He says the EU will soon publish new proposals to iron out the protocol’s practical problems for people in Northern Ireland.

He said the protocol was “the only solution” to protect the peace process in Northern Ireland by addressing the challenges of Brexit.

“It is with great concern that we take note of the UK government’s decision today to introduce legislation that would give up the core elements of the protocol,” she said. “The committee will now look into the UK bill.”

The White House press secretary said the US government recognizes “the challenges of implementing the Northern Ireland Protocol”.

“We urge the UK and the EU to return to talks to resolve these differences,” said the press secretary.

Companies importing goods from the UK to Northern Ireland have encountered problems with the protocol as checks and controls are costly and complex. Importers of food and horticultural products face the biggest problems because these goods are subject to the strictest controls.

However, exporters, including food exporters, have benefited as they have maintained smooth access to EU markets, unlike other parts of the UK. Irish Prime Minister Micheál Martin has called for negotiations between the UK and the EU to unblock the situation.

Scottish Prime Minister Nicola Sturgeon said government legislation risks a “very damaging” trade war with the EU. Shadow Foreign Secretary David Lammy said it was ‘a desperate attempt by Boris Johnson to distract from the drama of his leadership crisis’.

Meanwhile, Stuart Anderson of the Northern Ireland Chamber of Commerce and Industry said he was ready to do his part to support sustainable solutions that work for businesses and homes. “While today’s proposals contain some attractive elements, particularly for consumer-facing businesses, a careful balance must be struck to protect the gains made to date by our exporters and agri-food sub-sectors. “, did he declare.